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Sunday, November 26

  1. page home edited van Rossen Classical Studies Wikispace Welcome to 2013 2017 {virgil2.jpg} The Aeneid {Homer_…
    van Rossen Classical Studies Wikispace
    Welcome to 20132017
    {virgil2.jpg} The Aeneid
    {Homer_bust.gif} The Iliad and The Odyssey
    (view changes)
    12:02 pm

Tuesday, August 22

  1. page Xenia edited ... Pitt-Rivers, Julian. “The Stranger, the Guest and the Hostile Host.” Peristiany, J. G. Contrib…
    ...
    Pitt-Rivers, Julian. “The Stranger, the Guest and the Hostile Host.” Peristiany, J. G. Contributions to Mediterranean Sociology. The Hague: Mouton, 1968.
    Wilson, Nigel Guy. Encyclopedia of ancient Greece. Psychology Press, 2006.
    The following information has come from:
    RITUALISED FRIENDSHIP AND THE GREEK CITY STATE, by Gabriel Herman, Lecturer in Ancient History. The Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Published by Cambridge University Press, London. 1987.
    page 2..

    The article below is from July 9, 2013 :
    https://www.hrw.org/news/2013/07/09/xenios-zeus-and-true-meaning-greek-hospitality
    July 9, 2013 12:00AM EDT
    Xenios Zeus and the True Meaning of Greek Hospitality
    ...
    in Open DemocracyShowDemocracy
    Show
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    {https://www.hrw.org/sites/default/files/styles/node_embed/public/media/images/photographs/2012_greece_discrimination_presser.jpg?itok=OzLNsYu_} 2013_Greece_XeniosZeus
    EXPAND
    ...
    5, 2012.
    Between August 4, 2012, and February 22, 2013, Greek police detained almost 85,000 people of foreign origin on the streets of Athens to check their identification papers and legal status. © 2012 Associated Press/Thanassis Stavrakis
    “Police officers came to the door and said ‘All blacks out, all blacks out,’” Tupac told me as he recalled how police officers forced him and other black and Asian passengers out of a bus in central Athens for an identity check in early February. After pulling him off the bus, the police held Tupac, a Guinean registered asylum seeker, for approximately 10 hours to check his legal status in Greece.
    ...
    Since we met a few weeks ago, Roupakiotis has been replaced in the government reshuffling amid Greece’s most recent political crisis. And the personnel could change again, given the general political instability in the country and the weak majority of the government in parliament.
    But as long as Operation Xenios Zeus remains in force, violations of rights will continue. The bottom line is that Greece should not discriminate based on race or ethnicity and should not subject migrants to arbitrary deprivation of liberty and other abusive treatment, irrespective of who is in power.
    ...
    prohibiting discrimination.
    Police officers conducting immigration stops need appropriate training, equipment, and guidance on how to conduct immigration stops without abusing people’s rights.
    Instead of focusing on discriminatory sweep operations like Xenios Zeus, stigmatizing migrants and asylum seekers, Greece should invest more in stemming the tide of anti-immigrant sentiment in the country and showing migrants and asylum seekers the true meaning of Greek hospitality.
    (view changes)
    8:12 pm

Tuesday, August 15

  1. page space.menu edited Year 11 Classical Studies Opotiki College, 2017 Xenia essay info: https://vanrossenclassicalstud…
    Year 11 Classical Studies Opotiki College, 2017
    Xenia essay info:
    https://vanrossenclassicalstudies.wikispaces.com/Level+2+Excellence+Exemplars+for+91200%2C+2012

    Term 2 2017
    Ancient Greek Values
    (view changes)
    7:55 pm

Thursday, June 22

  1. page Marae Tikanga around Xenia edited ... TANGATA WHENUA / HOSTS ON THE MARAE The tangata whenua are the local people who, by descent, …
    ...
    TANGATA WHENUA / HOSTS ON THE MARAE
    The tangata whenua are the local people who, by descent, and nowadays by association, have a turangawaewae (identity) with the marae. Their turangawaewae gives them the right to participate in determining [deciding on] the kawa of the marae; to determine what functions can be held and define roles on the marae and to ensure that hospitality is provided to others.
    ...
    the hui (meeting),(meeting),is a success.
    Tangata whenua contribute to food supplies, provide the workforce for the kitchen, diningroom, meeting house and groundds, and welcome the visitors.
    It is the Tangata Whenua who remove the tapu from the visitors to allow them to become one with the tangata whenua.

    (view changes)
    7:40 pm
  2. page Marae Tikanga around Xenia edited ... Mattresses and pillows are provided for an overnight stay.So, too, are pillow slips and a shee…
    ...
    Mattresses and pillows are provided for an overnight stay.So, too, are pillow slips and a sheet that covers the mattress. Visitors should each bring their own blankets or sleeping bag. Comfortable clothing and night attire should be included, as well as socks and slip-on shoes (for easy removal). Obviously, toilet [bathroom] gear should be included, together with a towel and additional clothing appropriate to the season. This may include a jersey, raincoat or sun hat. Money will also be needed for the koha (gift). [This is different to ancient Greek xenia because visitors were always provided with a bed and bedding - as much as was possible in a poor home. The guests were often given clean clothes to put on by the host before they went to eat. Especially in a wealthier host's home].
    TANGATA WHENUA / HOSTS ON THE MARAE
    ...
    functions can be held and define roles on the marae and to ensure that hospitality is provided to others.
    Being tangata whenua ...their basic task is to prepare for visitors, to ensure that they are well fed and cared for, and to ensure that, whatever the kaupapa (reason) for the hui (meeting),

    (view changes)
    7:00 pm
  3. page Marae Tikanga around Xenia edited ... WHAT IS NEEDED ON A MARAE Mattresses and pillows are provided for an overnight stay.So, too, …
    ...
    WHAT IS NEEDED ON A MARAE
    Mattresses and pillows are provided for an overnight stay.So, too, are pillow slips and a sheet that covers the mattress. Visitors should each bring their own blankets or sleeping bag. Comfortable clothing and night attire should be included, as well as socks and slip-on shoes (for easy removal). Obviously, toilet [bathroom] gear should be included, together with a towel and additional clothing appropriate to the season. This may include a jersey, raincoat or sun hat. Money will also be needed for the koha (gift). [This is different to ancient Greek xenia because visitors were always provided with a bed and bedding - as much as was possible in a poor home. The guests were often given clean clothes to put on by the host before they went to eat. Especially in a wealthier host's home].
    TANGATA WHENUA / HOSTS ON THE MARAE
    The tangata whenua are the local people who, by descent, and nowadays by association, have a turangawaewae (identity) with the marae. Their turangawaewae gives them the right to participate in determining [deciding on] the kawa of the marae; to determine what functions can

    (view changes)
    6:43 pm
  4. page Marae Tikanga around Xenia edited ... [The hospitality experience and organisation behind it is paramount to maintaining the mana of…
    ...
    [The hospitality experience and organisation behind it is paramount to maintaining the mana of the iwi]
    http://politik.co.nz/en/content/politics/1124/Labour-Party-volunteer-workers-rebel-over-living-conditions-Labour-party-Matt-McCarten-Andrew-Kirton.htm
    http://www.radionz.co.nz/news/te-manu-korihi/333597/awataha-marae-rejects-substandard-housings-claim
    http://www.radionz.co.nz/news/political/333570/little-says-labour-party-interns-situation-embarrassing
    ...Every marae has a committee that functions like most other committees set up for a specific purpose. There is normally a chairperson, a secretary and/or treasurer, and associated members. Visitors wishing to attend a marae would normally contact the secretary or chairman of the marae committee.
    ...
    There are simple, well-established rules that sustain the procedures of the marae [ or keen the procedures going]. The KAWA (protocol) should be understood before a marae visit. It is important that groups be well prepared before participating in a formal visit. There are normally "experts" in the local community who will be willing to brief [inform] groups [about what to do] in advance. ...It is impossible to give information here on the traditions and history of a particular marae, the names of the elders of that marae, the name of the particular whare tipuna, or the specific form of kawa pertaining [relating] to that particular marae. These aspects all vary from one marae to another.
    WHAT IS NEEDED ON A MARAE
    ...
    koha (gift). [This is different to ancient Greek xenia because visitors were always provided with a bed and bedding - as much as was possible in a poor home. The guests were often given clean clothes to put on by the host before they went to eat. Especially in a wealthier host's home].
    (view changes)
    5:35 pm
  5. page Marae Tikanga around Xenia edited ... HOW TO ARRANGE A VISIT [ This is in contrast to what happens in regard to ancient Greek guest …
    ...
    HOW TO ARRANGE A VISIT [ This is in contrast to what happens in regard to ancient Greek guest friendship/xenia. The whole point of xenia codes of conduct and beliefs was to ensure travellers and visitors that they knew it was acceptable for them not to have to prearrange a visit. In a sense, belief in Zeus as Zeus xenios and belief in the need to uphold the conducts around being guests and hosts WAS the prearrangement!]
    ...Unfortunately, there is no single, simple procedure that can be outlined. ...On the other hand, any group, using a little initiative and a good deal of humility [humbleness] should be able to contact people in their community who have ready access to a marae.
    ...
    are open. YouYou could contact
    ...
    to help.
    If group is already assembled to go onto a marae, you could "tag on" and thus gain legitimate entry. [this is different to ancient Greek xenia where a personal visit was made possible by their society's adherence [sticking to] and belief in the rules of xenia and you were allowed to expect to visit and stay at the home of any stranger].
    All are welcome to attend any function on a marae. [this is the same as in ancient Greek xenia. But they just have to get themselves welcomed onto the marae first]
    ...
    [The hospitality experience and organisation behind it is paramount to maintaining the mana of the iwi]
    http://politik.co.nz/en/content/politics/1124/Labour-Party-volunteer-workers-rebel-over-living-conditions-Labour-party-Matt-McCarten-Andrew-Kirton.htm
    http://www.radionz.co.nz/news/te-manu-korihi/333597/awataha-marae-rejects-substandard-housings-claim
    http://www.radionz.co.nz/news/political/333570/little-says-labour-party-interns-situation-embarrassing
    ...Every marae has a committee that functions like most other committees set up for a specific purpose. There is normally a chairperson, a secretary and/or treasurer, and associated members. Visitors wishing to attend a marae would normally contact the secretary or chairman of the marae committee.
    The purpose of the marae committee is to organise the marae before, during and after an event. Most importantly, committee members are charged with maintaining the mana of the marae. The work is time-consuming and significantly, performed voluntarily [without pay]. It is the Maori values of manaaki (caring for), aroha (love) and turangawaewae (a place to belong) that motivate the hosts to continue this work.
    There are simple, well-established rules that sustain the procedures of the marae [ or keen the procedures going]. The KAWA (protocol) should be understood before a marae visit. It is important that groups be well prepared before participating in a formal visit. There are normally "experts" in the local community who will be willing to brief [inform] groups [about what to do] in advance. ...It is impossible to give information here on the traditions and history of a particular marae, the names of the elders of that marae, the name of the particular whare tipuna, or the specific form of kawa pertaining [relating] to that particular marae. These aspects all vary from one marae to another.
    WHAT IS NEEDED ON A MARAE
    Mattresses and pillows are provided for an overnight stay.So, too, are pillow slips and a sheet that covers the mattress. Visitors should each bring their own blankets or sleeping bag. Comfortable clothing and night attire should be included, as well as socks and slip-on shoes (for easy removal). Obviously, toilet [bathroom] gear should be included, together with a towel and additional clothing appropriate to the season. This may include a jersey, raincoat or sun hat. Money will also be needed for the koha (gift).

    (view changes)
    5:30 pm
  6. page Marae Tikanga around Xenia edited ... HOW TO ARRANGE A VISIT [ This is in contrast to what happens in regard to ancient Greek guest …
    ...
    HOW TO ARRANGE A VISIT [ This is in contrast to what happens in regard to ancient Greek guest friendship/xenia. The whole point of xenia codes of conduct and beliefs was to ensure travellers and visitors that they knew it was acceptable for them not to have to prearrange a visit. In a sense, belief in Zeus as Zeus xenios and belief in the need to uphold the conducts around being guests and hosts WAS the prearrangement!]
    ...Unfortunately, there is no single, simple procedure that can be outlined. ...On the other hand, any group, using a little initiative and a good deal of humility [humbleness] should be able to contact people in their community who have ready access to a marae.
    ...It is rather more difficult for an individual to arrange a personal visit, but several options are open. You could contact a Maori person living in the area and seek his or help. ..You could walk onto a marae quietly and respectfully, remembering that it is not a public place, and seek out a person who may be willing to help.
    If group is already assembled to go onto a marae, you could "tag on" and thus gain legitimate entry. [this is different to ancient Greek xenia where a personal visit was made possible by their society's adherence [sticking to] and belief in the rules of xenia and you were allowed to expect to visit and stay at the home of any stranger].
    All are welcome to attend any function on a marae. [this is the same as in ancient Greek xenia. But they just have to get themselves welcomed onto the marae first]
    ...An offer to help would probably be gratefully accepted, providing both an introduction and an entry. However, it is essential that your desire to learn is a genuine one, not just an inquisitive wish to see what happens on the marae. ...lack of sincerity [truthfulness] will also be felt, and this could lead to a visitor being embarrassed and frustrated by being 'held at arms length."
    MARAE ORGANISATION
    [The hospitality experience and organisation behind it is paramount to maintaining the mana of the iwi]
    http://politik.co.nz/en/content/politics/1124/Labour-Party-volunteer-workers-rebel-over-living-conditions-Labour-party-Matt-McCarten-Andrew-Kirton.htm
    http://www.radionz.co.nz/news/te-manu-korihi/333597/awataha-marae-rejects-substandard-housings-claim

    (view changes)
    5:06 pm
  7. page Marae Tikanga around Xenia edited ... A marae needs people; people need a marae. People whose families become associated with caring…
    ...
    A marae needs people; people need a marae. People whose families become associated with caring and sharing contribute to the tradition of the marae. The tangata whenua (the people of the land, the hosts)are the unchanging foundation of a marae. Yet tangata whenua need manuhiri (visitors) - people for whom they can provide a service [xenia]. [ Ancient Greek culture had other human constructed spaces that were spiritually significant. There would have been an alter within the household for worship of a god].
    ...the marae ...is not just a place where people meet. It is the family home of generations that have gone before. It is the standing place of the present generation and will be the standing place for the generations to come. This spiritual aspect of the marae is its most important facet. [thing]. ...For our people, marae are places of refuge that provide facilities to enable us to continue with our way of life within the total structure of Maoridom. We, the Maori, need our marae so that we may pray to God; rise tall in oratory [speaking] , weep for our dead; house our guests; have our meetings, feasts, weddings and reunions; and sing and dance.
    ...
    in words. The customs, and respect for these customs, and the values reinforced by the wairua of the marae, give strength. ...There is an awareness of one's heritage...
    HOW TO ARRANGE A VISIT [ This is in contrast to what happens in regard to ancient Greek guest friendship/xenia. The whole point of xenia codes of conduct and beliefs was to ensure travellers and visitors that they knew it was acceptable for them not to have to prearrange a visit. In a sense, belief in Zeus as Zeus xenios and belief in the need to uphold the conducts around being guests and hosts WAS the prearrangement!]
    ...Unfortunately, there is no single, simple procedure that can be outlined. ...On the other hand, any group, using a little initiative and a good deal of humility [humbleness] should be able to contact people in their community who have ready access to a marae.

    (view changes)
    4:42 pm

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